In Whites's Suffolk directory for the 1840s, Hulver Street is classed as a substantial hamlet of the parish of Henstead, being about 40% smaller in area but with the same number of people. In the past it was included in Wangford Hundred indicating that it orginated as a late settlement on vaguely defined boundary lands in the marshes of the Hundred River. Hulver means Holly Tree and 'Street' in Suffolk signifies a small hamlet that developed as a geographical sub-division of a parish, either around a new economic centre or an enclosed village green. There are still holly trees in the hedgerows on the higher land above Hulver Street road.

hul_boundaries.jpgThe community of Hulver grew up at the a point where the roads from Beccles to Benacre and Carlton Coleville to Stoven cross the Hundred River. These roads are marked in red in the sketch map and at Hulver Bridge there is a meeting of four parish boundaries; Ellough, Mutford, Hulver and Sotterley. This suggests that the settlement's origins were as a local economic centre. It may well have come into being when the river marshes were reclaimed, improving communications and making common fenland available for commercial grazing.

At this point Hulver Street is a small projection of Blything Hundred into Wangford Hundred, squeezed between Mutford and Sotterley, which are both in the hundred of Wangford. Hulver is not mentioned in Domesday Book. It must be borne in mind that a thousand years ago the valley of the Hundred River would have been a tidal marsh with imprecise boundaries between the communities on either side of the valley. Another important point is that Domesday Henstead was classed as an estate of Wrentham. These considerations, together with Hulver's geographical position suggests that it was originally part of either Mutford or Sotterley. The positions of the two arrows mark a logical boundary between Sotterley and Henstead, with Sotterley sharing the river as its natural boundary with Mutford.

All of this supports the idea that Hulver was originally part of Sotterley. A possible origin is the smaller of the two Domesday estates belonging to the manor of Sotterley. The larger of the two contained the church and woodland for 100 pigs. The smaller holding, called Crosscroft, had pannage for only 10 pigs and was worth about half as much.

Very little has come to light about the recent history of Hulver Street. In Hodskinson's map of 1783 Hulver is described as Hulver Heath, a large area that extends from the Hundred boundary to the Hundred River. In fact, at this time the villages on both sides of the boundary had much unenclosed land variously described as 'heaths', 'commons' and 'greens'.

hodskin_1783.jpg

As far as Hulver is concerned, its semi-wild landscape suggests that the modern community originated after the enclosure of the sandy upland and the Hundred River fen sometime post-1785. This is supported by the fact that in the Tithe Apportionment many of the agricultural labourers living there held small fields in the grazing marsh (see below). The enclosure may have happened just before the Methodists established a chapel in the community, a fact that also points to the independent character of its residents at that time. The influx of labourers may have been in response to the need for manpower to service the agricultural improvements resulting from enclosure in Henstead and its neighbouring villages.

hulver_tithemap_red.jpg

From the Tithe Apportionment, the biggest landowner in Hulver was the Rev. Charles Clarke, who as owner and tenant occupied about 136 acres including 26 acres of glebe land. . A Mr Clark(e) held land at Rushmere Bridge in the 1780s (Hodskinson's map). Charles Clarke's land was, centred on the rectory, is highlighted in green. He was a curate of Henstead. Thomas Sheriffe, the rector, occupied Henstead Hall, which was then owned by his uncle, Robert Sheriffe. Robert, a brewer and landed proprietor of Diss was by far the greatest landowner of the parish. Next in order of size is the allocation of Elizabeth Wigg and her tenant Charles Jessup with 23 acres and a cottage and garden (highlighted in pink). Of a similar area was the land of Frederick Barne, of Sotterley Hall, which was farmed by Hannah Wattling (highlighted in blue). These two smaller estates had a combination of higher arable fields and lower pasture in the grazing marsh. The remaining fields were owned in much smaller parcels, some of which were farmed by the inhabitants of Hulver Street.

Hulver St.
agricultural labourers with tenancy 1841




A R P


Joshua Clarke

2. 2. 22


George Beales

1. 3. 16


Samuel Raven

2. 1. 00


John Gunton

15


Charles Butcher

1. 0. 00


Robert White

18


Isaac Butcher

2. 38
also landowner
David Wale

2. 19


John Rouse

3. 0. 32


James Muttitt

2. 33


James Brown

1. 26


Edward Smith

1. 09








There were 46 agricultural labourers in Hulver St in 1841

Notes on the Sheriffe Family of Uggeshall,Southwold and Henstead

In the 1851 census, the inhabitants of Hulver are distinguished from those in the rest of the parish. Of the 71 heads of household 46% were classed as agricultural labourers. A third of these were employed by Rev. Charles Clarke who was still a farmer-curate and the biggest landowner. In fact there was only one other resident farmer in the hamlet. The community had 9 paupers which was not an unusual proportion for this part of Suffolk at that time.

Hulver Heads of Households in 1851








Charles Clarke parsonage curate of Henstead and Mutford


magistrate farmer of 199 acres empl.11 labourers

Edgar Girling police station constable



Alfred Cooper

constable



William Roberts

carter



John Jarvis

master bricklayer empl.2 men

Charles Crisp grocer



John Mitchells

ag.lab.



John Delf


ag.lab.



Edward Rouse ag.lab.



Elizabeth Manning

pauper



Adam Tyrell

ag.lab.



Benjamin Jessup

ag.lab.



Fanny Elwin

laundress



George Butcher

journeyman bricklayer

James Muttitt

pauper ret. ag.lab.


Jonathan Crickmore

ag.lab.



Thomas Pleasance

master blacksmith


Charles Elwin

ag.lab.



John Botwright

gardener



Mary Ann Howell

beerhouse keeper


Samuel Townshend

ag.lab.



John Fisk


ag.lab.



Joseph Prior

ag.lab.



William Ling

tailor 1 journeyman


James Buller

ag.lab.



Ann Julians

shopkeeper


William Hicklestone

market gardener


Samuel Neach

cattle dealer


William Aggas

pauper ret. ag.lab.


William Adams

innkeeper



William Liddmore

ag.lab.



John Batley

ag.lab.



William Tyrell

thatcher



Letitia Wale

ag.lab.



Robert Rouse

ag.lab.



Jabez Haward

ret. Farmer


James Rouse

ag.lab.



Emma Butcher

pauper



Elizabeth Gurney

pauper



John Gross

farmer 22 acres 1 lab


Amos Harper

ag.lab.



John Gunton

gardener and groom


Robert Foulger

pauper ret. ag.lab.


Joshua Clarke

ag.lab.



John Rouse

ag.lab.



Samuel Rouse

ag.lab.



George Peck

ag.lab.



William Butcher

ag.lab.



Sarah Parsley

independent


George Bauldry

ag.lab.



Martin Bauldry

ag.lab.



Phebe Smith

ag.lab.



Charles Pleasance

ag.lab.



William Easter

ag.lab.



Samuel Woolnough

ag.lab.



James Browne

ag.lab.



James Smith

ag.lab.



Isaac Benns

ag.lab.



Mary Raven

formerly nurse


Robert Smith

ag.lab.



James Fish

master shoemaker empl.1 man 1 app.
Isaac Butcher

master bricklayer


Samuel Layer

ag.lab.



Mary Botwright

pauper



George Beales

pauper ret. ag.lab.


Honor Ellis

pauper



Alfred Crickmore

journeyman shoemaker

Sarah Mitchells

tailoress



Christoper Harling

coach wheeler


Robert Oxborrow

coach painter


Mary Ann Botwright

seamstress




The landowners and tenants of Henstead at the time of the Tithe Apportionment are listed below.

Andrews Sarah Herself


7. 3. 02
Andrews Robert Trustees Lyddamore John

2. 3. 01
Barne Frederick
Watling Hannah

22. 1. 21



Goodwin William

126. 0. 25



Oakes John

2. 16



Townshend George

23



Martin Robert

3. 16



Manning Johnathan

2. 24



Rouse John

3. 0. 32



Fisk William

2. 1. 29
Brianton James

Andrews John

5. 3. 38



Cooper Jeremiah

1. 22
Butcher James

Himself & others

17



Himself


19
Barlow Francis George
Tallent William

1. 1. 17
Balls Anthony

Himself


1. 1. 16
Balls Thomas

Peck Jonathan

14
Butcher Isaac

Himself & others

2. 38
Baker James

Roberts William

2. 3. 16



Roberts William & others
18



Roberts William senior
12
Clarke Rev. Charles

Himself


136. 2. 04



Gunton John

15
Capps Mrs, Mary

Moore Edward & others
11. 2. 13
Cooper John

Himself


11. 3. 07
Durrant John

Himself


1. 0. 36
Fisk William

Himself


10. 2. 06
Farr Thomas

Fisk Edmund

6. 0. 00
Fulcher Robert

Wale David & others

2. 19
Gosford Earl of

Garrard Thomas

19. 1. 08



Mudditt James

2. 33



Benns William Jun.

1. 3. 00



Pleasance Thomas

2. 3. 28
Gent Richard

Townshend George & others
2. 24
Grimmer Robert

Larke William Nuthall

12. 1. 23
Gilbert Robert

Lay Robert

4. 0. 11
Garden John

Benns William Jun.

4. 1. 15
Gooch Sir Thomas Sherlock
Woodthorpe William

76. 1. 38



Mayhew George

43. 0. 10
Huke Charles

Butcher Charles

2. 01



Fisk James

1. 36



Botwright William

12
Lewis William

Fisher John

38
Mabson William

Peck William

32. 1. 15
Poor Trustees Bate Robert
Ardures John

14. 2. 14
Peck Samuel

Himself


1. 3. 12



Butcher Charles & others
1. 0. 00
Pigeon William

Himself & another

1. 22
Parsley Wlliam

Himself & others

4. 3. 27
Reeve Robert

Reeve James

2. 3. 17
Read William

White Robert

18
Read Mrs. Anne

Bachelor Jame & others
18



Raven Samuel

2. 1. 00
Sheriffe Robert

Robinson Samuel

414. 2. 18



Bate Robert

224. 3. 07



Smith William

163. 2. 13



Smith William & Utton Charles
1. 14



Sayer William

120. 1. 35



Peck William

11. 0. 18



Rouse Joseph

87. 2. 11



Andrews John

34.3. 05



Sheriffe Rev. Thomas

41.0. 24



Carter Wilby

57.2. 36



Roberts William

7. 2. 36



Peck Elizabeth

1. 0. 27



Rivet Robert

1. 08



Mitchell John

1. 07



Dains Robert

33



Raven William

15



Peck Elizabeth

1. 2. 04



Moyse John

35



Thacker William

1. 15



Goldby James

1. 16



Gross John

1. 20



James Jonas

1. 0. 04



Winyard Anthony

24



Candler Samuel

2. 1. 32



Bridges James

35



Fisk Jesse

1. 38



Hunn John

3. 09



Andrews John

2. 39



Peck Edward Baldry

2. 27



Clarke Joshua

2. 2. 22



Bales George

1. 3. 16



Himself


10. 1. 02



Lambert Samuel

30
Sherrife Robert &





Lincoln Mrs Ann

Payne Sarah

2. 22



Botwright William

30
Smith Robert

Himself & others

39
Tallent William

Himself


24.1. 23
Varley James

Raven William

1. 2. 30
Wigg Elizabeth

Jessup Charles

23. 2. 27



Botwright John

23
Woodthorpe Thomas

Himself


35. 0. 32



Himself & Bunn

27
Wincup Lawrence

Smith Edward

1. 09



Julians John

2. 1. 29



Julians John & others
17



Julians John & others
33



Brown James

1. 26
Warnes John

Himself


17
Sheriffe Rev. Thomas
glebe
Himself & others

39.2. 04











Total

1905.3.01







Signed by Charles Etheridge
Charles Etheridge &





Henry B Gunning assistant tithe commissioner 21. 11. 1839