Chediston seems to have retained its pre-Conquest social topography down the centuries. It is a somewhat rectangular parish, with a long axis stretching two miles from Halesworth’s Chediston Street to the west up the valley on either side of the northern Blyth. Its angular shape, which follows the east west orientation of the Blyth tributaries, has prompted speculation about its origins as an Iron Age tribal estate with boundaries marked by streams and watersheds. Its breadth, of about half a mile, is marked by two ancient boundary stones, symbolic ‘gate posts’ to an important valley route, pioneered by Mesolithic peoples, to the lands of the upper Blyth at Metfield. Both stones are rare glacial erratics. ‘Ched’s Stone’ is situated on the northern parish boundary, which runs parallel to the northern watershed of the Blyth. ‘Rhoca’s Stone’ (Rock Stone Manor) stands opposite, by the Cookley parish boundary to the south. The eastern boundary of Chediston runs with that of Halesworth, more or less between the valleys of the northern and southern Blyth.

Fig 1 Chediston Hall
fig3.2.jpg
fig3.2.jpg

The first description of the parish in modern times is given in White's Directory for 1844, which lists the population as 433 ‘souls’ within a parish consisting of 2378 acres of land, of which nearly two-thirds were arable on a rich loamy soil. The manor and a great part of the parish were then owned by George Parkyns, who had purchased the Chediston Hall estate, and the lordship from the Plumer family in 1833.

Walter Plumer seems to have taken an interest in the manorial lands of Chediston in the 1730s. In addition to purchasing the lordship of Chediston manor, in 1739 he also purchased the Manor of Halesworth from Thomas Betts. At this time the Plumer family seems to have had property in Newmarket, but their ancestral home was in Hertfordshire. In any event they were absentee landlords. After Walter’s death the property passed to his brother William. William died in 1767 and his son, also named William, succeeded.For most of the 18th century the Hall seems to have been rented to the Beales and Baas families.

The first Beales of Chediston was recorded in a church memorial dated 1787. The first memorial to a Baas appears in 1806. The last Baas to rent the property was Robert, a member of the Yarmouth branch of the family, who took up the tenancy in 1811. The last of the Plumers, Jane, the wife of William the Younger, died in 1831 and Chediston Hall was bought by George Parkyns two years later. After the sale Robert Baas moved out to Halesworth. This was the property described as ‘a large and elegant mansion in the Tudor style, ornamented with towers, turrets, pinnacles, and an embattled pediment, standing on a bold elevation to the north of the river, facing south’ (Fig 1). This raises the question as to when this property was built.The style is a Tudor/Gothic hybrid with elements that place it in the third quarter of the 18th century. This was when William Plummer the Younger was active, and appears to have been the period when the Baas family first appeared in Chediston.

In White’s 1844 directory George Parkyns was listed at Chediston Hall. The entry mentions that all the mature timber in the park had been recently cut down, and new plantations had been made by Parkyns as part of a scheme to enlarge and beautify the Hall’s surroundings. The park actually extended into the northwestern quarter of Halesworth. George Parkyns was also impropriator of Chediston’s St Mary’s rectory, from which he received £230 a year, as a commutation of tithes chargeable on those estates in the parish, which did not belong to him. He also received arbitrary fines from copyholders of the manor; the manorial system was still operating profitably here.

The living of the Church of St. Mary was a vicarage, valued at £6. 7s. 6d., and was united with Halesworth rectory in the patronage of Mrs. E. Badeley, and incumbency of the Rev. J. C. Badeley, with an old parsonage house and 50 acres of glebe. This completes an account of those at the top of Chediston’s wealth pyramid.

The bottom of the village’s social pyramid rested on the Town Estate, consisting of a farm of 30 acres, which was let for £26 a-year. This property had been vested in village feoffees since the reign of Henry VII for the repairs of the church and other charges imposed on the parishioners. There was much giving in the parish. The Almshouses for five poor families were a gift from Henry Claxton, in 1575, and had been rebuilt in 1832. Attached to them was a piece of land let for 20s a year. The poor parishioners had an annuity of 20s. out of land at Cookley, left by the Rev. Thomas Sagar, and about £17 a-year from Henry Smith's Charity for distributions of bread.

The ownership of land is revealed in the Tithe Apportionment of 1840 (Fig 2). At this time, there were 22 landowners and about a half of them owned more than 40 acres. George Parkyns was by far the greatest of the landlords with an estate of 1000 acres, which was about two and a half times more than John Birkett who was next in the landowning hierarchy with 379 acres. Not only did Parkyns own almost a half of Chediston’s agricultural land, but he also ran the biggest farm, of about 400 acres. John Birkett did not live in the parish and his land was let to four tenants. The next level of farming by yeomen was represented by five families, Read, Archer, Fiske, Tallent and the Robinson brothers, with enterprises ranging in size from 144 to 182 acres.

Fig 2 Distribution of land as recorded in the Chediston tithe apportionment of 1840
fig3.3.jpg
fig3.3.jpg

Land of less than an acre was usually categorised as house with gardens or yards. This description actually defined a total of 3.6 acres owned by George Parkyns, which probably indicates his importance as the squire.

Parkyns bought out the Plumer interest, but it is not known how the Plumers came to own so much of Chediston’s land, but they were probably occupying fields and cottages that from time out of mind had been attached to its main manor. The demesne was probably located where Chediston Hall and its park were sited. Although the Plumer/Parkyns property made up a large proportion of the parish, the question should be put in terms of when, to what extent, and how, did the rest of the manorial lands change from copyhold to freehold. From the unified timber styles of the farmhouses set out up the valley in a regular sequence on either side of Chediston Beck, it can be assumed that its farms were planned around the late Tudor period. Hedgerow dating indicates that many of their field systems are between 500 and 700 years old. Unfortunately, the manorial rolls for Chediston have not survived to answer questions about the history of land distribution. All we can say is that by the 1840s the lives of the four hundred or so inhabitants of the village were, as tenants, in the hands of twenty-two people. The histogram of landownership points up the social dominance of the Parkyns and the Birketts (Fig 2).

The people
In 1851 the population of Chediston was represented by 89 households. A summary of the major categories of people in the village derived from the census is set out in Table 1 Most of the households were headed by farm labourers, who worked for the eighteen farmers of the parish, at an average ratio of 4 labourers per farmer. There was a strong element of self-sufficiency in the village, with the needs of the inhabitants for house maintenance, beer, clothes, shoes and groceries being met by village retailers. The agricultural production was mostly wheat and barley. The only industrial enterprise was a substantial milling business towards the head of the valley, employing three men.

Table 1 Categories of people listed in the 1851 census
Designation
No.
Comments
Gentlemen
1

Farmers
20
1 retired; 1 also a miller; 1 also a wheelwright; 1 also a grocer
Farm labourers
80
4 were paupers
Farm bailifs
2

Thatchers
2
1 retired
Millers
3
working for a farmer who was also a miller
Publicans
1

Carpenters
2

Tailors
1

Shoemakers
3

Milliners and hat makers
1

School teachers
2

Nurses
1

Curates
1

House servants
31

Grooms
3

Coachman
1

Dressmakers
3

Tea dealer
1

Annuitants
1

Boys
57
10 years and under
Girls
60
10 years and under
Scholars
23
5 of these were over 10 years
Persons not born in Suffolk
16

Paupers
15
7 living in the Almshouse
There were just over a hundred young children in the community, of whom around 20% were scholars. Their need for education was met by a parochial school staffed by two teachers.

Table 2 Farmers listed in the 1851 census
Farm
Name
Status
Age (m)
Age (f)
Description
Birthplace
Red House
Read Thomas
Married
32

farmer 197acres 6men 5boys
Wilby

Matthews John
Unmarried
62

farmer 120 acres 2men 2boys
Pulham

Fisher John
Married
33

farmer 295 acres 9 men
Metfield

Gibson William
Married
57

farmer 59 acres 2men 2boys
Coddenham
Cottage Farm
Balls James
Married
58

farmer 82 acres 3 men
Chediston

Balls Robert
Married
31

farmer 12 acres & wheelwright
Chediston

Burrows James
Married
53

farmer 16 acres & grocer
Huntingfield

Ingate Charles
Married
47

farmer 140 acres 4 men 1 boy
Chediston

Sones John
Married
76

farmer 55 acres 1 man
Chediston

Bishop Thomas
Widower
67

Estate agent farmer 90acres


Turner Thomas
Married
37

farmer 56 acres 2 men
Beccles

Sones Mary
Widow

36
farmer 68 acres 1 man
St James

Robinson George
Widower
60

farmer 250 acres 7men 2boys
Westleton

Woolnough George
Married
36

farmer 60 acres 1 man
St Margarets

Archer Harley
Widower
72

farmer 190 acres 3men 1 boy
Laxfield

Seaman Mary
Widow

52
farmer 135 acres 4 men 1boy
Halesworth

Read Samuel
Married
83

farmer 27 acres 1 man
Chediston

Burrows Charles
Married
62

farmer 26 acres 1 man
Huntingfield

Ingate John
Married
46

farmer & miller 1 man
Chediston

Leaving aside two widows, who were each running their deceased husband’s farm, 40% of the farmers in the 1851 census were born in Chediston (Table 2). During the passing of 15 years that had elapsed between the Tithe Apportionment and the 1851 census, many farming families had disappeared and only six turned up in the census with same surnames as those of farmers in the Apportionment. This high rate of turnover of farms was borne out by the lists of farmers in Whites directories for both Chediston and Halesworth (Table 3). These phenomena are indicators of the tenuous connection of families to the land.

Table 3 Farmers of Chediston and Halesworth in White's Directories for 1844 and 1855
Chediston 1844
Halesworth 1844
Chediston 1855
Halesworth 1855
Archer, Harley
Butcher, Isaac
Balls, James
Cole, John
Bishop, Corbyn Jonathan
George, William
Balls, John*
George, Martin
Bishop, Thomas
Haward, Robert
Balls, Robert
George, William
Blaxhill, Samuel
Johnson, J Exors
Beckett, J.*
Hart, C
Booth, William
Ling, William
Bishop, Thomas
Johnson, James
Denny, John
Punchard, Thomas
Bryant, Thomas
Punchard, James
Fisher, John
Smith, John
Burrows, Charles
Punchard, Thomas
Fryett, Lydia
Webb, John Julius
Burrows, James
Woodgate, William jnr
Gibson, William
Woodyard, William
Crabtree, John*

Gibson, William

Gibson, William

Ingate, Charles

Ingate, Charles

Ingate, Charles jnr

Ingate, William

Read, Samuel

Ingate, John

Read, Thomas

Mathews, John

Robinson, George

Read, Samuel

Sones, John

Read, T. Cracknell*

Winter, Robert

Read, Thomas

Woolnough, James

Robinson, George



Sones, John



Seamans, Mary



Turner, Nesling*



Woolnough, George

*Not in the 1851 census

The distribution of land between farms in 1851 followed the same pattern at the time of the Tithe Apportionment (Fig 3). At the top of the new 1851 social hierarchy was Thomas Rant, gentlemen, who had replaced George Parkyns at Chediston Hall. His family consisted of his wife, his sister and three young children. Thomas was born five miles away in Mendham and his father seems to have brought money into the area that originated in a family business in Norwich. This enabled his son to live as a gentleman, particularly as Parkyns seems to have retained most of his land in trust. If the Rants farmed at all, they did not operate on the Parkyns scale. Their domestic needs were serviced by seven house servants (equivalent to about 25% of all the servants of the parish). It may well be that the Rants actually rented the Hall because George Parkyns’ Trustees retained his former role as impropriator of the rectory and lord of the manor, and thereby continued to collect the appropriate annual dues in Parkyns name. The Trustees were still described as lords of the manor and chief landowners in Kelly's 1896 Directory. Thus, Parkyns ghost continued to dominate Chediston’s rurality through many generations of tenant farmers and cottagers.

From the 1850s, Chediston’s population began to decline and at the end of the century it had fallen by about 16%. There was little or no development in the village except for the erection of a Primitive Methodist chapel 1863. Indeed, the Directory descriptions of the village remained the same until the 1920s, by which time the population was only 60% of its peak in the 1850s. The only noteworthy events seemed to have been the restoration of the church in 1895, and a new bell added to the church peal in 1911. Chediston Hall survived the war as a military HQ housing Italian prisoners, only to be completely demolished after a fire in the 1950's and its park ploughed up.

Fig 3 Farmers listed in the 1851 census for Chediston and the size of their farms
fig3.4.jpg
fig3.4.jpg

The visual character of a village is expressed in the lie of the land, and its compartmentation into fields and building plots. This in turn is a topographical pattern generated by the wealth of individuals and their determination to make an impact. At the start of the 19th century, just 22 people owned Chediston’s 2378 acres. From this point, the fine detail of who and how the land was held sets a scenario for all the local players in the early Victorian parish power game. It summarises three social inputs to the average village economy, directed respectively by 'capitalist developers', 'owner-occupier workers', and the freehold clergy (Fig 4). From the Tithe Apportionment of 1840 we can define the next economic layer of owner-occupier farmers, the larger tenant farmers and salaried professional farm managers, who were dependent on an estate-owning capitalist. Then there were tradesmen such as millers, blacksmiths and innkeepers, and finally the great pool of labourers for hire.

Fig 4 The 'players' in the rural parish 'power game'
fig3.5.jpg
fig3.5.jpg

Chediston's owner-occupier farmers, represented by the likes of the Bishops (80 acres), Suggates (116 acres) and Robinsons (200 acres), ran enterprises that depended to a considerable degree upon family labour, with a low capital input. 'Yeoman' is how they would have described themselves in earlier decades, a designation which usually referred to owner-occupier farmers who got their whole living from the land. There is no evidence of any capitalist developers i.e. absentee landowners who improved their farms then let them out to enterprising tenants. Although no records exist to throw light on the financial base of the Chediston yeoman, it is known that from early times, peasant and small farmers gradually came under the control of the financier. Borrowing and lending were not new phenomena in the 19th century. The very structure of agriculture was based on waiting between sowing and reaping, and, therefore, credit trans­actions were common even in medieval times. All sorts of devices were used to circumvent the legal prohibition of usury. There were the great financial dealings of kings and nobles, monasteries, bishops and the papacy, which strike the eye at once. Even a cursory glance at the life of a medieval manor or borough shows credit transactions springing spontaneously from the ordinary necessities of humble people, who may curse the lender but who cannot dispense with loans. In the towns there were always individuals who specialized in finance, but throughout the country districts money lending was simply a by-employment of the larger yeoman farmers, the parson or the innkeeper.

Down the road in Halesworth, in contrast to Chediston, the urban power game was played out between merchants and shopkeepers and their craftsmen. Though in general craftsmen generally worked at home or in their own workshops and with their own tools, they were dependent for employment on the merchant who paid them on a piece work basis. There were of course many intermediate steps and many variations in the development of this system. For example, a small dealer or merchant might get his raw materials on credit from a larger dealer, or the larger dealer such as a maltster, might work on a credit system with London merchants. But the general principle was the same. The merchant controlled the direction of the commercial side of this industry, and he was ultimately in control of production as well.

1
Chediston Hall
Rant Thomas
Head
Mar
36

gent
Norfolk Harleston


Rant Dinah
Wife
Mar

31
wife of gemt
Suffolk St Peters


Rant George
Son

2.5

son of gent
Suffolk Chediston


Rant Lousia
Dau


10 mths
Suffolk Chediston


Durrant Louisa
Sister
U

25

Suffolk St Peters


Palmer Betsey
Servant
U

25
nursemaid
Suffolk Southwold


Butcher Harriet
Servant
U

23
lady's maid
Norfolk Denton


Kemp Elizabeth
Servant
U

27
housemaid
Suffolk Westleton


Curtis Elizabeth
Servant
U

38
cook
Suffolk Wissett


King Sarah
Servant
U

20
housemaid
Norfolk Earsham


Wright Harriet
Servant
U

20
dairymaid
Suffolk Walpole


Lancaster Robert
Servant
U

20
groom
Suffolk Walpole
2
Red House
Read Thomas
Head
Mar
32

farmer 197acres 6men 5boys
Suffolk Wilby


Read Annie
Wife
Mar

37
farmer's wife
Suffolk Heveningham


Jessup Mary
Servant
U

17
house servant
Suffolk Linstead Magna


Goodwin Sarah
Servant
U

15
house servant
Suffolk Chediston


Woolner Charles
Servant
U
17

farm servant
Suffolk Halesworth
3

Matthews John
Head
U
62

farmer 120 acres 2men 2boys
Norfolk Pulham


Tharston Sarah
Servant
Widow

46
housekeeper
Suffolk St James


Tharston Sarah
Servant
U

22
dressmaker
Suffolk St James


Tharston Thomas
Servant
U
16

farm servant
Suffolk Linstead


Tharston John
Servant
U
12

farm servant
Suffolk Linstead


Wright Sarah
Servant
U

22
house servant
Norfolk


Hinton Francis
Servant
U
22

farm servant
Suffolk Linstead
4

Fisher John
Head
Mar
33

farmer 295acres 9 men
Suffolk Metfield


Fisher Hannah
Mother
Widow

57

Suffolk Wangford


Fisher Ann
Sister
U

17

Suffolk Chediston


Mary Harris
Servant
U

21
dairy servant
Suffolk Wrentham


Stannard Emily
Servant
U

18
house servant
Suffolk St James


Page James
Servant
U
22

farm servant
Suffolk St James


Woolnough James
Servant
U


plough servant
Suffolk Halesworth
5

Gibson William
Head
Mar
57

farmer 59 acres 2men 2boys
Suffolk Coddenham


Gibson Hannah
Wife
Mar

66
farmer's wife
SuffolkTopcroft


Clarke Mary
Servant
U

34
house servant
Suffolk Uggeshall
6
Town Farm
Wilkinson Nathaniel
Head
Mar
50

ag.lab.
Suffolk Linstead Parva


Wilkinson Lidia
Wife
Mar

44

Suffolk Cratfield


Wilkinson Harriet
Dau


11

Suffolk Chediston


Wilkinson William
Son

6


Suffolk Chediston


Daines Robert
Wife's son U
21

ag. lab.
Suffolk St. Cross
7
Town Farm
Walker Joseph
Head
Mar
33

ag. lab.
Suffolk Wissett
8

Peck William
Head
Mar
68

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Peck Annie
Wife
Mar

71

Suffolk Huntingfield


Peck Joseph
Grd.Son

13


Suffolk Westhall


Peck Lucy
Grd.Dau
U

18

Suffolk Chediston


Peck William
Grd.Son

1


Suffolk Chediston
9

Jackson David
Head
Mar
28

farm bailiff
Suffolk Rumburgh


Jackson Charlotte
Wife
Mar

38

Suffolk Wissett


Jackson Louisa
Dau


6

Suffolk Wissett


Jackson Horace
Son


2

Suffolk Chediston


Jackson Easter
Dau


9 mths

Suffolk Chediston
10

Balls Robert
Head
Mar
57


Suffolk Chediston


Balls Elizabeth
Wife
Mar

69

Suffolk Bruisyard


Walker Letty
Wife's Dau

38
dairy servant
Suffolk Chediston


Walker Frederick
Wife's son U
11

servant
Suffolk Chediston


Winter Joseph
Servant
U
22

farm servant
Suffolk Chediston


Peck John
Servant
U
15

farm servant
Suffolk Chediston


Walker Hannah
Servant
U

30
nursemaid
Suffolk Walberswick
11
Cottage Farm
Balls James
Head
Mar
58

farmer 82 acres 3 men
Suffolk Chediston


Balls Rebecca
Wife
Mar

51

Suffolk Witnesham


Baker Margaret
Servant
U

26
dairy servant
Suffolk St James


Constance Mary Ann
Servant
U

17
house servant
Suffolk Wissett


Tovell James
Servant
U
24

farm servant
Kent Kidbrook


Sones John
Servant
U
22

farm servant
Suffolk Chediston
12

Fenn Samuel
Head
Mar
26

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Fenn Maria
Wife
Mar

21

Suffolk Chediston
13

Fenn William
Head
Mar
60

ag.lab. Pauper
Suffolk Frostenden


Fenn Mary
Wife
Mar

52

Suffolk Halesworth


Fenn William
Son
U
21

ag.lab. Pauper
SuffolkChediston


Fenn Emily
Dau


13

Suffolk Chediston


Fenn Lewis
Son

11


Suffolk Chediston
14

Tovell John
Head
Mar
49

ag.lab.
Suffolk Metfield


Tovell Charlotte
Wife
Mar

48

Suffolk Wissett


Tovell Henry
Son
U
17

ag.lab.
Suffolk Wissett


Tovell George
Son
U
16

ag.lab.
Suffolk Wissett


Tovell Charles
Son

13

ag.lab.
Suffolk Wissett


Tovell Charlotte
Dau


11

Suffolk Wissett


Tovell Elizabeth
Dau


9

Suffolk Wissett
15
One house uninhabited






16

Woolnough Benjamin
Head
Mar
46

ag.lab.
Suffolk Huntingfield


Woolnough Mary
Wife
Mar

42

Suffolk Chediston


Woolnough Elizabeth
Dau
U

21

Suffolk Linstead Parva


Woolnough James
Son

14


Suffolk Chediston


Woolnough William
Son

11


Suffolk Chediston


Woolnough Emma
Dau


8
scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Woolnough Benjamin
Son

6

scholar
Suffolk Chediston
17

Godfrey Henry
Head
Mar
40

ag.lab.
Suffolk LinsteadParva


Godfrey Rhoda
Wife
Mar

33

Suffolk Chediston


Godfrey Hannah
Dau


9

Sufolk Chediston


Godfrey Frederick
Son

7


Suffolk Chediston


Godfrey Henry
Son

5


Suffolk Chediston


Godfrey Pamela
Dau


2

Suffolk Chediston


Godfrey George
Son

10mths

Suffolk Chediston
18

Sones Thomas
Head
Mar
55

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Sones Maria
Wife
Mar

55

Suffolk Laxfield


Sones Ann
Dau
U

19

Suffolk Chediston


Sones Lucy
Dau


13

Suffolk Chediston


Sones Margot
G Dau


7

Suffolk Blything Union


Sones Anna Maria
G Dau


11 mths
Suffolk Blything Union
19

Winter William
Head
Mar
57


Suffolk Chediston


Winter Betsey
Wife
Mar

45

Suffolk St. James


Winter James
Son

5


Suffolk Chediston


Winter Eleanor
Dau


3

Suffolk Chediston


Winter Harry
Son

3mths


Suffolk Chediston


Davy David
Wife's Son
14

ag. lab.
Suffolk Rumburgh


Davy John
Wife's son U
n
12

ag.lab.
Suffolk Rumburgh
20

Bickers Henry
Head
Mar
64


Essex


Bickers Mary
Wife
Mar
67


Ireland
21

Balls James
Head
Mar
50

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston (deaf)


Balls Phebe
Wife
Mar

39

Suffolk Chediston


Balls Lydia
Dau


8

Suffolk Wissett


Balls Harriet
Dau


6

Suffolk Wissett


Balls Emma
Dau


4

Suffolk Chediston


Balls Susan
Dau


2

Suffolk Chediston


Balls Ann
Dau


9mths

Suffolk Chediston


Hurren Charlotte
Wife's Dau

10

Suffolk Chediston
22

Balls Robert
Head
Mar
31

farmer 12 acres & wheelwright
Suffolk Chediston


Balls Abigail
Wife
Mar

30

SuffolkChediston


Balls Betsey
Dau


9

SuffolkChediston


Balls Caroline
Dau


9

SuffolkChediston


Balls Robert
Son

9


SuffolkChediston


Balls James
Son

5


SuffolkChediston


Balls John
Son

3


SuffolkChediston


Balls Elizabeth
Dau


1

SuffolkChediston


Balls Mary Ann
Dau


7mths

SuffolkChediston


Storkey Henry
Servant

15


SuffolkChediston
23

Seaman William
Head
Mar
50

ag.lab.
Suffolk All Saints


Seaman Elizabeth
Wife
Mar

48

Suffolk St. Michels


Seaman Slijah
Son

15

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Seaman George
Son

13


Suffolk Chediston
24

Burrows James
Head
Mar
53

farmer 16 acres & grocer
Suffolk Huntingfield


Burrows Rhoda
Wife
Mar

51

Suffolk Ellough


Burrows Thomas
Nephew
U
17

servant
Mdx. London
25

Winter Daniel
Head
Mar
50

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Winter Lidia
Wife
Mar

48

Suffolk Huntingfield


Winter Charles
Son
U
16

ag.lab.
SuffolkChediston


Winter Eleanor
Dau


14

SuffolkChediston


Winter Pamela
Dau


10

SuffolkChediston


Winter Albert
Son

8


SuffolkChediston


Winter Mahala
Dau


6

SuffolkChediston


Flatt Emma
G Dau


2

Suffolk Cratfield
26

Aldred Peter
Head
Wdr
72

ag.lab. Pauper
Suffolk Cookley


Aldred Elizabeth
Dau
U

49

SuffolkChediston
27

Walker John
Head
Mar
36

ag.lab.
SuffolkChediston


Walker Elizabeth
Wife
Mar

34

Suffolk Blyth Union


Walker Mary
Dau


6mths

Suffolk Chediston


Barnes Samuel
Wife's Son
13


Suffolk Walpole


Barnes Hannah
Wife'sDau

10

Suffolk Cookley


Barnes Emma
Wife's Dau

8

Suffolk Cookley
28

Peck William
Head
Mar
36

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Peck Susanna
Wife
Mar

36

Suffolk Chediston


Peck Emma
Dau


13

Suffolk Chediston


Peck Samuel
Son

11


Suffolk Chediston


Peck Ester
Dau


9
scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Peck Susannah
Dau


7

Suffolk Chediston


Peck Mary
Dau


5

Suffolk Chediston


Peck Sarah
Dau


2

Suffolk Chediston


Peck Rhoda
Dau


1

Suffolk Chediston


Smith Lucy
M-in-law
Widow

67
pauper
Suffolk Chediston
29

Hurren Amos
Head
Mar
44

ag.lab.
Suffolk Cratfield


Hurren James
Son
U
19

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Hurren Hepzibah
Dau
U

16

Suffolk Chediston
30

Storkey William
Head
Mar
45

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Storkey Ann
Wife
Mar

40

Suffolk Chediston


Storkey Caroline
Dau


13

Suffolk Chediston


Storkey Louisa
Dau


11

Suffolk Chediston


Storkey Pamela
Dau


7

Suffolk Chediston
31
Duke Inn
Woolner Jonathan
Head
Mar
67

publican
Suffolk Uggeshall


Woolner Mary
Wife
Mar

67

Suffolk Bungay


Bardwell Mary
G Dau


10

Suffolk Wangford


Smith Samuel
S-in-law
Mar
65

ag.lab.
Suffolk Mendlesham
32

Ingate Charles
Head
Mar
47

farmer 140 acres 4 men 1 boy
Suffolk Chediston


Ingate Betsey
Wife
Mar

45

Suffolk Ubbeston


Tallent Betsey
Dau
U

19

Suffolk Chediston


Tallent William
Son
U

16

Suffolk Chediston


Ingate Charles
Son

9


Suffolk Chediston


Tallent William
F-in-law
Wdr
71

annuitant
Suffolk Chediston


Page James
Servant
U
17

farm servant
Suffolk Linstead


Seaman Robert
Servant
U
17

farm servant
Suffolk Chediston


Harper Margaret
Servant
U
18

dairy servant
Suffolk Linstead


Barham Elizabeth
Servant

15

house servant
Suffolk Peasenhall
33

Sones John
Head
Mar
76

farmer 55 acres 1 man
Suffolk Chediston


Sones Phebe
Wife
Mar

67

Suffolk St. Margarets


Sones John
Son
U
29

farmer's son
Suffolk Chediston


Sones Mary
Dau
U

34
farmer's daughter
Suffolk Chediston
34

Winter Robert
Head
Mar
35

tea dealer
Suffolk Chediston


Winter Ann
Wife
Mar

33
milliner & straw bonnet maker
Suffolk Lowestoft


Winter Robert
Son

6


Berkshire Reading


Winter David
Son

7mths


Hampshire ? ford
35

Crane Samuel
Head
Mar
29

ag.lab.
Suffolk Laxfield


Crane Mary
Wife
Mar
26


Suffolk Rumburgh


Crane Samuel
Son

6

scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Crane Harriet
Dau


4

Suffolk Chediston


Crane Robert
Son

3


Suffolk Chediston


Crane Margaret
Dau


1

Suffolk Chediston
36

Crane Robert
Head
Mar
51


Norfolk Dickleburgh


Crane Ann
Wife
Mar

58

Suffolk Laxfield


Crane John
Son
U
23

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Chambers John
F-in-law
Wdr
91

ag.lab. pauper
Suffolk Brundish
37

Sones James
Head
Mar
32


Suffolk Chediston


Sones Susan
Wife
Mar

31

Suffolk Peasenhall


George Elizabeth
Wife's Dau

11

Suffolk Blyth Union


George Sones
Son

1


Suffolk Chediston
38

Lines John
Head
U
34

master shoemaker
Suffolk Chediston


Balls Robert
Lodger
Mar
64

journeyman shoemaker
Suffolk Henstead


Balls Dinah
Lodger
Mar

64

Suffolk Chediston
39

Lines John
Head
Mar
60

carpenter
Suffolk Chediston


Lines Thursa
Wife
Mar

61

Suffolk Bruisyard


Lines Edward
Son
U
21

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Lines Ann
Dau
U

26
shoe binder
Suffolk Chediston
40

Crisp James
Head
Mar
36

ag.lab.
Suffolk Ringsfield


Crisp Ann
Wife
Mar

35
schoolmistress
Suffolk Walpole


Crisp John
Son

13

scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Crisp James
Son

8

scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Crisp Abi
Dau


5
scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Crisp Ann
Dau


9mths

Suffolk Chediston
41

Peck William
Head
Mar
52

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Peck Louisa
Wife
Mar

70

Suffolk Halesworth
42

Crisp Samuel
Head
Mar
45

ag.lab.
Suffolk Wissett


Crisp Sarah
Wife
Mar

45

Suffok Chediston


Crisp James
Son
U
19

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Crisp Emma
Dau
U

16

Suffolk Chediston


Crisp Charles
Son

9


Suffolk Chediston


Crisp Mary
Dau


6

Suffolk Chediston
43

Storkey John
Head
Mar
60

ag.lab.
Suffolk Linstead Magna


Storkey Letty
Wife
Mar

59

Suffolk Westleton
44

Sparrow Robert
Head
Mar
36

ag.lab.
Suffolk Bramfield


Sparrow Sarah
Wife
Mar

41

Suffolk Chediston


Sparrow William
Son

11


Suffolk Chediston


Sparrow Ann
Dau


8

Suffolk Chediston


Sparow Robert
Son

5


Suffolk Chediston


Sparrow James
Son

3


Suffolk Chediston
45

Bishop Thomas
Head
Wdr
67

Est. agent farmer 90acres 5men Suffolk Chediston


Bishop Emma
Dau
u

35

Suffolk Chediston


Bird Lydia
Servant
U

25
dairy servant
Suffolk Blythburgh


Fluer Margaret
Servant
U


house servant
Suffolk Westleton


Harvey James
Servant

15

groom
Suffolk Wissett
46

Welton John
Head
Mar
68

journeyman carpenter
Suffolk Heveningham


Welton Sarah
Wife
Mar

60

Sufolk Chediston


Clarke William
Lodger
Wdr
76

ag.lab.
Suffolk Walpole
47

Sparrow William
Head
Mar
61

ag. lab. & grocer
Suffolk Walpole


Sparrow Hannah
Wife
Mar

60

Suffolk Cookley


Sparrow James
Son
U
20


Norfolk ?
48

Hayward James
Head
Mar
46

ag.lab.
Suffolk Sibton


Hayward Louisa
Wife
Mar

33

Suffolk Chediston


Hayward James
Son

13


Suffolk Chediston


Hayward Robert
Son

11


Suffolk Chediston


Hayward William
Son

9


Suffolk Chediston


Hayward Mary
Dau


7

Suffolk Chediston


Hayward Samuel
Son

5


Suffolk Wissett


Hayward Henry
Son

2


Suffolk Chediston
49

Hurren David
Head
Mar
35

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Hurren Sarah
Wife
Mar

33

Suffolk Halesworth
50

Cady William
Head
Mar
37

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Cady Hepzibah
Wife
Mar

34

Suffolk Linstead Parva


Cady William
Son

8

scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Cady Margaret
Dau


5

Suffolk Chediston


Cady David
Son

2


Suffolk Chediston
51

Peck James
Head
Mar
29

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Peck Mary
Wife
Mar

28

Suffok Chediston


Peck George
Son

3


Suffolk Chediston


Peck James
Son

1


Suffolk Chediston
52

Cady Robert
Head
Mar
41

thatcher
Suffolk ??


Cady Sarah
Wife
Mar

36

Suffolk Chediston


Cady Eliza
Dau


11
scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Cady Robert
Son

10

scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Cady William
Son

8

scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Cady Samuel
Son

4


Suffolk Chediston
53

Pearce John
Head
Mar
37

ag.lab.
Suffolk Withersdale


Pearce Eliza
Wife
Mar

38

Suffolk Linstead


Pearce William
Son

11

scholar
Suffolk Cookley


Pearce Mary
Dau


10
scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Underwood James
Lodger
U
28

horseman
Suffolk Wenhaston
54

Sparrow John
Head
Mar
52

ag.lab.
Suffolk Walpole


Sparrow Sarah
Wife
Mar

50

Suffolk Reydon


Sparrow Elizabeth
Dau
U

17
dressmaker
Suffolk Chediston


Sparrow Timothy
Son

11


Suffolk Chediston


Sparrow David
Son

7


Suffolk Chediston


Smith Rebecca
M-in-law


81
pauper
Suffolk Walpole


Smith John
Lodger
Wdr
82

ag.lab . pauper
Suffolk Withersdale
55

Pretty Isaac
Head
Mar
48

ag.lab.
Suffolk Metfield


Pretty Harriet
Wife
Mar

49

Suffolk Huntingfield


Pretty William
Son
U
22

horse driver
Suffolk Chediston


Pretty Elizabeth
Dau
U

17

Suffolk Chediston


Pretty Sarah Ann
Dau


15
school teacher
Suffolk Chediston


Pretty Harriet
Dau


12
scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Pretty Edward
Son

10


Suffolk Chediston


Pretty Charlotte
Dau


6

Suffolk Chediston
56

Turner Thomas
Head
Mar
37

farmer 56 acres 2 men
Suffolk Beccles


Turner Emily
Wife
Mar

33

Suffolk Stoven


Turner Thomas
Son

8


Suffolk Ilketshall St Andrews


Turner Ellen
Dau


7

Suffolk Ilketshall St. Andrews


Turner Harriet
Dau


2

Suffolk Ilketshall St. Andrews


Turner Anne
Mother
Widow

70

Suffolk Corton


Cleveland Anne
Visitor
Widow

64

Suffolk Stoven


Sones Sarah
Servant


29
dairy servant
Suffolk Chediston


Vincent John
Servant
U
17

farm servant
Suffolk Chediston


Row George Thomas
Lodger
U
23

curate
Ireland
57
Hill Farm
Woolnough Arthur
Head
Mar
38


Suffolk Huntingfield


Woolnough Mary
Wife
Mar

38

Suffolk Linstead


Woolnough Margaret
Dau


12

Suffolk Chediston


Woolnough Harriet
Dau


10

Suffolk Chediston


Woolnough Emma
Dau


8

Suffolk Halesworth


Woolnough Ann
Dau


7

Suffolk Halesworth


Woolnough Arthur
Son

5


Suffolk Halesworth


Woolnough Mary
Dau


1

Suffolk Chediston


Curtis Elizabeth
M-in-law
Widow

61
needlewoman
Suffolk Huntingfield


Woolnough Maria
Dau


4

Suffolk Chediston
58

Peck John
Head
Mar
31

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Peck Sarah
Wife
Mar

36

Suffolk Wissett


Peck William
Son

2


Suffolk Chediston
59
Almshouse
Goodwin Jane
Widow


69
pauper
Suffolk Cratfield


Balls Sarah
Widow


79
pauper
Suffolk Chediston
60
Almshouse
Hurren Elizabeth
Widow


68
pauper
Suffolk Halesworth (blind)
61
Almshouse
King Mary
Widow


69
pauper
Suffolk Huntingfield
62

Durrant Thomas
Head
Mar
71

pauper
Suffolk Cratfield


Durrant Martha
Wife
Mar

70

Suffolk Syleham


Durrant George
G.Son

6

scholar
Suffolk Blyth Union
63

Hurren Rebecca
Widow


70
pauper
Suffolk Ubbeston
64

Winter Mary
Widow


64
pauper
Suffolk Cookley
65
Hill Farm
Clarke Thomas
Head
Mar
23

horse driver
Suffolk Chediston


Clarke Emma
Wife
Mar

22

Suffolk Linstead
66

Goddard James
Head
Mar
30

tailor
Suffolk Heveningham


Goddard Hannah
Wife
Mar

28

Suffolk St. James


Goddard George
Son

2


Suffolk Chediston
67

Sones Mary
Head
Widow

36
farmer 68 acres 1 man
Suffolk St. James


Sones John
Son

11


Suffolk Chediston


Sones William
Son

8


Suffolk Chediston


Sones Alfred
Son

5


Suffolk Chediston


Sones Edward
Son

4


Suffolk Chediston
68

Barrett Elizabeth

Mar

40
ag.lab's wife
Suffolk Huntingfield


Barrett Mary Ann
Dau
U

18

Suffolk Chediston


Barrett Mary Ann
Dau


13

Suffolk Chediston


Barrett John
Son

10

scholar
Suffolk Chediston
69

Vincent John
Head
Mar
66

ag.lab.
Suffolk Peasenhall


Vincent Harriet
Wife
Mar

63

Norfolk Snetterton
70

Robinson George
Head
Wdr
60

farmer 250 acres 7men 2boys
Suffolk Westleton


Mayhew Elizabeth
Servant
U

54
housekeeper
Suffolk Chediston


Woolnough Elizabeth
Servant


15
housemaid
Suffolk Chediston


Wilson Samuel
Servant
U
26

groom
Suffolk Rumburgh
71

Pain Christopher
Head
Mar
67

ag.lab.
Suffolk Halesworth


Pain Biddy
Wife
Mar

59

Suffolk Holton
72

Woolnough George
Head
Mar
36

farmer 60 acres 1 man
Suffolk St. Margarets


Woolnough Elizabeth
Wife
Mar

35

Suffolk Flixton


Woolnough Aumar
Dau

8


Suffolk Bungay


Woolnough George
Son

6


Suffolk Bungay


Sewell Stephen
Servant
U
21

farm servant
Suffolk Redisham


Woolnough James
F-in-law
Wdr
82


Suffolk St. Lawrence


Woolnough Blyth
Visitor

11


Suffolk St.Margarets
73

Cady Robert
Head
Mar
71

pauper formerly thatcher
Suffolk Chediston


Cady Mary
Wife
Mar

67

Suffolk Stradbrook
74

Cady Samuel
Head
Mar
25

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Cady Phebe
Wife
Mar

26

Suffolk Kessingland


Cady George
Son

2


Suffolk Chediston
75
Mill House
Ingate John
Head
Mar
46

farmer & miller 1 man
Suffolk Chediston


Ingate Ann
Wife
Mar

49

Suffolk Cookley


Ingate Betsey
Dau
U

16

Suffolk Chediston


Ingate Alexina
Visitor


14

Suffolk St. Margarets


Skinner Alfred
Lodger
U
23

jorneyman miller
Suffolk Stradbrook


Tallent John
Servant
U
19

miller's apprentice
Suffolk Chediston


Reeve George
Servant
U
26

miller's carter
Suffolk Linstead
76

Ingate Charles
Head
Wdr
86

retired farmer
Suffolk Huntingfield


Balls Betsey
G.Dau
U

23
housekeeper
Suffolk Theberton
77

Ingate William
Head
Mar
46


Suffolk Chediston


Ingate Hannah
Wife
Mar

44

Suffolk Cookley


Ingate Charles
Son

13


Suffolk Badingham


Ingate George
Son

11


Suffolk Ubbeston


Ingate William
Son

9


Suffolk Ubbeston


Ingate John
Son

7


Suffolk Peasenhall


Stofer Mary
Sis-in-law
U

58
annuitant
Suffolk Cookley


Flatt Mary Ann
Servant


21
house servant
Suffolk Mendham


Fenn Sarah Ann
Servant


15
house servant
Suffolk Chediston


Harper Samuel
Servant

22

farm servant
Suffolk Linstead Parva
78

Archer Harley
Head
Wdr
72

farmer 190 acres 3men 1 boy
Suffolk Laxfield


Fenn Alfred
Servant
U
19


Suffolk Chediston


Harvey James
Servant

15


Suffolk Chediston


Masterson Mary Ann
Servant
U

24

Suffolk Halesworth


Page Maria
Servant


15

Suffolk All Saints
79

Seaman Mary
Head
Widow

52
farmer 135 acres 4 men 1boy
Suffolk Halesworth


Raven Sarah
Neice
U

22

Suffolk Halesworth


Baxter Elizabeth
Servant
U

20
house servant
Suffolk Linstead


Pain Christopher
Servant
U

21
farm servant
Suffolk Chediston


Jeffries Robert
Servant
U

16
farm servant
Suffolk Linstead
80

Spore John
Head
Mar
48

ag,lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Spore Charlotte
Wife
Mar

38

Sufolk Bramfield


Spore Mary
Dau


9
scholar
Suffolk Chediston


Spore John
Son

3


Suffolk Chediston
81

Crane Robert
Head
Mar
26

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Crane Louisa
Wife
Mar

28

Suffolk Heveningham


Crane Louisa
Dau


1 mth

Suffolk Chediston
82

Read Samuel
Head
Mar
83

farmer 27 acres 1 man
Suffolk Chediston


Read Sarah
Wife
Mar

63

Suffolk Chediston


Read Samuel
Son
U
35


Suffolk Chediston


Read James
Son
U
22


Suffolk Chediston
83

Burrows Charles
Head
Mar
62

farmer 26 acres 1 man
Suffolk Huntingfield


Burrows Mariah
Wife
Mar

58

Suffolk Fressingfield


Fenn Charles
Servant
u
17

farm servant
Suffolk Chediston
84

Hunt Edward
Head
Mar
74

ag.lab.
Suffolk Wissett


Hunt Phebe
Wife
Mar

63

Suffolk Syleham


Hunt Ann
Dau
U

31

Suffolk Chediston


Evans Ann
Visitor
U

61

Suffolk Syleham


Evans Dorothy
Visitor
U

57

Suffolk Syleham


Muttet John
Lodger
U
31

ag.lab.
Suffolk Wissett
85

Balls William
Head
Wdr
37

ag.lab.
Suffolk Wissett


Balls William
Son

10

scholar
Suffolk Wissett


Balls James
Son

6


Suffolk Chediston


Balls Ann
Dau


2

Mdx.Hampton
86

Smith Peter
Head
Mar
44

farm bailiff
Suffok Wissett


Smith Alfred
Son

11


Suffolk Sotherton


Lines William
Servant
U
21

farm servant
Suffolk Chediston
87

Balls William
Head
Mar
26

ag.lab.
Suffolk Chediston


Balls Sarah
Wife
Mar

27

Suffolk Darsham


Balls James
Son

5


Suffolk Chediston


Balls William
Son

4


Suffolk Chediston


Balls Harriet
Dau


2

Suffolk Chediston
88

Hurren Nathan
Head
Mar
30


Suffolk Parham


Hurren Mary
Wife
Mar

30

Suffolk Framlingham


Hurren Daniel
Son

6


Suffolk Framlingham


Hurren Mary Ann
Dau


5

Suffolk Framlingham


Hurren Nathan
Son

3


Suffolk Chediston


Hurren Elizabeth
Dau


1

Suffolk Chediston


Hurren Charlotte
Servant
Mar

45
nurse
Suffolk Chediston


Butcher Thomas
B-in-law
U
23

yard man
Suffolk Framlingham


Butcher Sarah
Servant


11
nursemaid
Suffolk Framlingham